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Channel Tunnel Railway proposal: plan of tunnel headings and plan of completed tunnels

RIBA94572
Low, William (1814-1886)
NOTES: See also RIBA94570, RIBA94571 and RIBA13411 for other sheets of the printed proposal. The first scheme for a Channel Tunnel dated from 1802. In 1833 Aime Thome de Gamond, a young French engineer, made detailed surveys of the seabed before presenting the first of many schemes for a crossing which he promoted for the next 35 years. William Low, the author of the scheme illustrated here, was a Scottish engineer who had worked under Brunel and in the earlier part of his career specialised in railway engineering before becoming a mining engineer. He presented his first scheme for the Channel Tunnel in 1865 proposing a twin bore railway tunnel connected at intervals by cross-tunnels. Ventilation was to be provided by the piston-effect of the trains travelling through the tunnel. The scheme illustrated here dated 7 February 1868, his third scheme, was probably the one presented to the Anglo-French 'Channel Tunnel Committee' chaired by Lord Richard Grosvenor and financed by the Rothschilds which had been created on 24 January 1868. Although some tunnelling was begun in 1880 the Government stopped work because of security concerns. Low's design was to form the basis of the design put forward by the Channel Tunnel Study Group in 1960 and the tunnel which was eventually built.

Study for the tunnel on the Danube Canal Line low-level station, with a pedestrian bridge above, Vienna

RIBA106604
Wagner, Otto (1841-1918)
SOURCE: Otto Wagner, Einige Skizzen, Projecte und ausgefuhrte Bauwerke (Vienna: Schroll, 1890-1922), Band 2, no. 28

Design for the Westbahnhof Station, Vienna: perspective

RIBA106605
Wagner, Otto (1841-1918)
SOURCE: Otto Wagner, Einige Skizzen, Projecte und ausgefuhrte Bauwerke (Vienna: Schroll, 1890-1922), Band 2, no. 31

Leicester Gas Turbine Power Station, Rawdykes Road, Leicester, with a disused railway signal box in the foreground

RIBA115224
Central Electricity Generating Board. Transmission & Technical Services Division

Roundhouse for the London and Birmingham Railway in Camden, London: the auditorium

RIBA135098
Dockray, Robert Benson (1811-1871)
NOTES: The Roundhouse, devised by Robert Stephenson and designed by R. B. Dockray, was built in 1847 to turn steam engines around for the London and Birmingham Railway. As steam engines became too large for the building it then became a warehouse for Gilbey's gin from c. 1860 until 1960 when it was converted into a performing arts venue. It was converted into a theatre by Bickerdike Allen Rich & Partners in 1967, acquired by Camden Council and transformed into an Arts Centre by John McAslan in 1997.

Roundhouse for the London and Birmingham Railway in Camden, London: the auditorium

RIBA135099
Dockray, Robert Benson (1811-1871)
NOTES: The Roundhouse, devised by Robert Stephenson and designed by R. B. Dockray, was built in 1847 to turn steam engines around for the London and Birmingham Railway. As steam engines became too large for the building it then became a warehouse for Gilbey's gin from c. 1860 until 1960 when it was converted into a performing arts venue. It was converted into a theatre by Bickerdike Allen Rich & Partners in 1967, acquired by Camden Council and transformed into an Arts Centre by John McAslan in 1997.
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