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Neoclassical Style Guide: References to Classical architecture

Neoclassical architecture borrows from antique examples.

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Design for a triumphal arch commemorating the freedom of the seas

RIBA3907
Benard, Charles Joachim (b. 1750)
NOTES: This unexecuted design is said to commemorate the Treaty of Versailles of 1783.

Kenwood House, Hampstead, London: the library or Great Room

RIBA5310
Adam, Robert (1728-1792)
NOTES: Built in the 17th century, Kenwood House was remodelled by Robert Adam in the 1760s. The Great Room or library was created in 1767-1769. This photograph shows the painted panels by Antonio Zucchi enclosed in Adam's delicately decorated ceiling.

Casino Marino, Fairview Park, Dublin

RIBA5669
Chambers, Sir William (1723-1796)

L'Arc de Triomphe, Paris

RIBA5774
Chalgrin, Jean-Francois Therese (1739-1811)

La Madeleine, Paris

RIBA5776
Vignon, Pierre-Alexandre (1763-1828)

Pantheon, Paris

RIBA5777
Soufflot, Jacques-Germain (1709-1780)

Temple of Friendship and Iron Bridge, Pavlovsk

RIBA9433
Cameron, Charles (1743-1812)
NOTES: Construction on this country residence of the Russian Imperial family began c.1780 and was completed c. 1825. Its design was typical of the country mansion of the period and was created by a succession of architects, painters and sculptors, notably Charles Cameron who designed the central Great Palace in 1782-1786.

Salt warehouse, Compiegne

RIBA10101
Ledoux, Claude-Nicolas (1736-1806)
SOURCE: L' architecture de C. N. Ledoux (Paris, 1847), vol. 1, pl. 107

Mussenden Temple, Downhill Estate, County Derry

RIBA11797
Shanahan, Michael (fl. 1770-1790)
NOTES: Mussenden Temple was built as a library and modelled on the Temple of Vesta in Rome.

Mussenden Temple, Downhill Estate, County Derry

RIBA11798
Shanahan, Michael (fl. 1770-1790)
NOTES: Mussenden Temple was built as a library and modelled on the Temple of Vesta in Rome.

L'Arc de Triomphe, Paris

RIBA13956
Chalgrin, Jean-Francois Therese (1739-1811)

La Madeleine, Paris

RIBA13977
Vignon, Pierre-Alexandre (1763-1828)

Royal Palace, Corfu (Kerkika), Island of Corfu: the antechamber to the throne room

RIBA15891
Whitmore, General Sir George (1775-1862)
NOTES: This Neoclassical mansion was built in 1816-1823 to serve as treasury of the newly created order of St Michael and St George and residence for the British Lord High Commissioner. The building became known as the Royal Palace when it was handed over to King George I of Greece on the departure of the British in 1864. It fell into disrepair after 1913. One wing now houses the Museum of Byzantine and East Asian Art.

View of the Sala Rotunda at the Museo Pio Clementino, Vatican Museums, Rome, with museum visitors viewing Classical sculptures on display

RIBA21202
Simonetti, Michelangelo (1724-1781)
NOTES: This drawing is believed to be by an unidentified 18th century Italian architect and was formerly attributed to Francesco Costa. The Pio-Clementino Museum occupies the Belvedere Pavilion, adapted as a museum by Michelangelo Simonetti in the 1770s.

Bomb-damaged Trinity House next to the Port of London Authority Building, Tower Hill, City of London

RIBA38571
Wyatt, Samuel (1737-1807)
NOTES: A third of the City's buildings were destroyed by aerial attack between September 1940 and March 1945. Trinity House was gutted by bombing in 1940. It was rebuilt in 1953.

Design for a ceiling in the second drawing room, Buckingham House (the Queen's House), London

RIBA66883
Chambers, Sir William (1723-1796)
NOTES: The design was made under the supervision of Sir William Chambers between 1762 and 1766 when he was altering and redecorating Buckingham House.

Dodington Park, Gloucestershire: the summer house

RIBA72274
Wyatt, James (1746-1813)
NOTES: Dodington Park was begun in 1796 but not completed until after the architect's death.

Dodington Park, Gloucestershire: the Sodbury entrance and lodge from within the park

RIBA72275
Wyatt, James (1746-1813)
NOTES: Dodington Park was begun in 1796 but not completed until after the architect's death.

Sundridge Park, Bromley, London: detail of decorative plasterwork

RIBA74187
Nash, John (1752-1835)
NOTES: Samuel Wyatt was responsible for the design of the interiors.

Unexecuted designs for interior decoration of a country house, Burley-on-the-Hill, Rutland, for the 8th Earl of Winchelsea: details of the cornice for the drawing room

RIBA97177
Bonomi, Joseph (1739-1808)
NOTES: Bonomi's designs are for a series of three rooms (drawing room, book room and saloon) disposed along the south front of the house, to the east of the dining room of circa 1770.

Unexecuted designs for interior decoration of a country house, Burley-on-the-Hill, Rutland, for the 8th Earl of Winchelsea: plan of the book room

RIBA98298
Bonomi, Joseph (1739-1808)
NOTES: Bonomi's designs are for a series of three rooms (drawing room, book room and saloon) disposed along the south front of the house, to the east of the dining room of circa 1770.

Porte Desilles, Nancy

RIBA101982
Melin, Didier-Francois-Joseph

Pitzhanger Manor, Walpole Park, Ealing, London: the east facade

RIBA103274
Soane, Sir John (1753-1837)
NOTES: Pitzhanger Manor was owned by Soane from 1800 to 1810 during which time he radically rebuilt it. He demolished most of the existing building except the two-storey south wing built in 1768 by George Dance.

Dulwich Picture Gallery, London: the Mausoleum

RIBA119096
Soane, Sir John (1753-1837)
NOTES: See RIBA119088 for a black and white version of this image.

Wimpole Hall, Cambridgeshire: detail of pilaster and entablature in the yellow drawing room

RIBA130691
Gibbs, James (1682-1754)
NOTES: The house dates originally from c. 1640, when it was begun and possibly designed by its owner Sir Thomas Chicheley. It subsequently underwent many alterations. From 1693-1710 a detached orangery to the rear and a service wing were added. From 1713 James Gibbs added wings and library to the north-west. In 1742-1745 the central block was reroofed and the elevations reconstructed by the architect Henry Flitcroft. Another wing was added on the garden side to balance the library. Between 1791-1806 the interiors were remodelled by John Soane. The last phase was the extension of the east and west wings by H. E. Kendall (senior) in 1842 (largely demolished in 1953). The house was bequeathed to the National Trust in 1976. The drawing room by Soane (c. 1792) was created out of a courtyard and stairwell from the 17th century house.

All Souls Church, Portland Place, London

RIBA135503
Nash, John (1752-1835)

St Ludwig Church, Ansbach: the nave

RIBA136700
Schmidtner, Leonhard (1800-1873)
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