NOTES: Joseph Paxton designed Sydenham Park as the garden setting for his Crystal Palace, which was erected in Hyde Park in 1851 for the Great Exhibition and rebuilt in a greatly enlarged and amended form at Sydenham in 1852-1854. Since this giant glasshouse stood at the summit of a very steep hill, Paxton chose a formal, terraced design, inspired by the Italian villa gardens he had seen whilst on the Grand Tour with the 6th Duke of Devonshire in 1838-1839.
NOTES: The High Level Bridge was designed by Robert Stephenson and built in 1845-1849 for the York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway. This is the first major example of a wrought iron tied arch or bow string girder bridge. It links Newcastle-upon-Tyne with Gateshead on the south bank of the River Tyne. Built to facilitate the passage of ships along the Tyne, the swing bridge replaced an earlier Georgian stone one and opened in 1876. It was designed by the engineer John Francis Ure while the ironwork and machinery was supplied by G. Armstrong and Co. of Elswick.
NOTES: Originally a Jacobean manor, Claydon House was rebuilt to designs by Sir Thomas Robinson for Ralph, 2nd Lord Verney, from 1768. The new state rooms included a central rotunda and a large ballroom occupying one wing, which remained incomplete at the time of Robinson's death in 1777. Luke Lightfoot was responsible for the wood-carving and parquetry staircase.