NOTES: This octagonal tower dates from the 1st century BC and was originally the 'Horolgion of Andronykos Kyrrhestes'. It served as a water clock until the 6th century. The sides of the tower indicate the eight points of the Athenian compass, and the eight winds associated with these points are represented allegorically on the marble frieze that runs around the tower.
NOTES: This art museum, built in 1846-1853, was commissioned by Ludwig I of Bavaria to house his privately financed collection of works by contemporary artists. This building was destroyed during World War II and the ruin was demolished in 1949. A new post-modern building opened in 1981.