NOTES: This octagonal tower dates from the 1st century BC and was originally the 'Horolgion of Andronykos Kyrrhestes'. It served as a water clock until the 6th century. The sides of the tower indicate the eight points of the Athenian compass, and the eight winds associated with these points are represented allegorically on the marble frieze that runs around the tower.
NOTES: The Lysicrates Monument is the best preserved example of a Choregic monument and is one of the earliest examples of a Greek monument built according to the Corinthian order. In 1658 a French Capuchin monastery was founded around the monument itself (which was known as the 'Lantern of Diogenes'). The monastery was demolished during the Greek war of Independence in 1821 and the monument was subsequently restored by French architects Fran+â-ºois Boulanger and E. Loviot.