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Educational buildings

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Royal Institution, 21 Albemarle Street, Mayfair, London: the library

SOURCE: R. Ackermann. The Microcosm of London (London, 1835), vol. III, pl. 68 NOTES: This institution, dedicated to the 'application of science to the common purposes of life', was founded in 1799 and took a house in Albermarle Street where a lecture theatre, libraries and laboratories were set up. It received its Royal Charter in 1800.

Burlington House, Piccadilly, London: Learned Societies ranges and entrance archway

Banks & Barry
SOURCE: Builder, vol. 31, 1873 Dec. 13, p. 987 NOTES: In 1854 Burlington House was acquired from the government, with the northernmost part of the site being used for a new building for London University. Burlington House itself was altered for the use of the Royal Academy, with several learned societies being housed in new buildings in the Piccadilly forecourt designed by Banks & Barry in 1868-1873.

Mary Ward Settlement (Passmore Edwards Settlement Buildings), Tavistock Place, London

Smith & Brewer
SOURCE: Building News, vol. 69, 1895 Aug. 9, after p. 208 NOTES: The Mary Ward Settlement (originally known as the Passmore Edwards Settlement Buildings) was founded in the 1890s by Mary Augusta Ward under the financial patronage of John Passmore Edwards. It aimed to provide facilities to 'improve the the religious, moral, intellectual or physical well-being of the people of London' and was also notable for housing the first fully equipped classrooms for children with disabilities.

Mechanics' Institution and School of Art, Cookridge Street, Leeds

Brodrick, Cuthbert (1822-1905)
SOURCE: Builder, vol. 25, 1867 Sept. 21, p. 697 NOTES: The School of Art moved out in 1903 and the Institute from the 1920s until May 2005 housed the Civic Theatre. It is being redeveloped as the Leeds City Museum.

South London Art Galleries, Peckham Road, London: lecture theatre and library extension

Ernest George & Peto
SOURCE: Building News, vol. 65, 1893 Oct. 6, after p. 458 NOTES: The South London Gallery grew out of the South London Working Men's College. The Gallery moved to the site on Peckham Road in 1889 and in 1892 Passmore Edwards offered the money to build an extension to house a lecture hall and library (pictured here). In April 1941 the Passmore Edwards Lecture Hall and Library was severely damaged during an air raid and was subsequently demolished after the war.

Design for a proposed Sussex Memorial

Hansom, Joseph Aloysius (1803-1882)
SOURCE: Builder, vol. 1, 1843 Sept. 23, p. 398 NOTES: Hansom proposed this memorial building following the death in 1843 of the Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex. He described it as "a Sussex Memorial, a Sussex Library (for here I would have his books preserved), a Freemasons' Hall, a Hall of Literature and Science, and, finally, a living type of the arts of structure and design as understood and practised among us up to and at this period."

St Bride Foundation Institute (including the Passmore Edwards Library and the William Blades Library), Bride Lane, London

Murray, Robert C.
SOURCE: Building News, vol. 65, 1893 Nov. 17, p. 656-657 NOTES: Established as a charitable foundation to further technical education, especially in the printing trades, the institute's facilities included a swimming pool, gymnasium, libraries and lecture rooms. The swimming pool was converted in 1994 into the Bridewell Theatre.

Museum of Practical Geology, Jermyn Street, London: the main gallery

Pennethorne, Sir James (1801-1871)
SOURCE: Builder, vol. 6, 1848 Oct. 28, p. 522 NOTES: The museum, the first public scientific museum in Britain, was built to house the Geological Survey and illustrate the application of geology in industry and the arts. The iron and glass roof gave light onto several levels of exhibition galleries. The building also housed lecture theatres, laboratories, a library and offices. It was demolished in 1936 to make way for Joseph Emberton's Simpsons, Piccadilly.

Design for B'nai B'rith Hillel House, 1-2 Endsleigh Street, Bloomsbury, London

R. Seifert & Partners
NOTES: This was built to meet the demands of a growing Jewish student population, providing accommodation and support for people of the Jewish faith studying in London.