Welcome to RIBApix!
You have no items in your basket.

Beginnings: 1920s Modernism

Modernism is in its infancy in the 1920s. Ideas about the role of architecture and the architect are being expressed by its pioneers, Walter Gropius and Le Corbusier. Their focus in the early years is on sleek lines, simple shapes and experiments with materials (i.e. reinforced concrete) and methods of construction (curtain walling).

Although such experiments were carried out before the First World War their impact is taken up more fully after 1918.  Both Le Corbusier and Gropius publish manifestos on architecture, encapsulating ideas of modern construction (i.e. standardisation and mass production) and socially orientated architecture which could apply to all. This was particularly relevant after the First World War, as there was a shortage of housing across Europe. In Germany and Holland new housing estates were built along Modernist lines.

Return to the Modernism through the Decades landing page.

View as Grid List
Sort by

Row houses 28, 29, 30, Am Weissenhof, Weissenhofsiedlung, Stuttgart: oblique view of the street facade

Stam, Mart (1899-1986)
NOTES: Weissenhof, located on a hillside overlooking Stuttgart, was an experimental housing settlement designed by sixteen leading architects of the Modern Movement for the 1927 exhibition 'Die Wohnung' (The Home).

House, Am Rupenhorn 24, Berlin

Anker, Alfons (1872-1958)

Apartment block, Werkbundsiedlung (WuWa), Wroclaw

Rading, Adolf (1888-1957)
NOTES: Wroclaw was formally Breslau, Germany.

House for Dr Kriebel, Wroclaw

Rading, Adolf (1888-1957)
NOTES: Wroclaw was formally Breslau, Germany.

Design for Skikda Palace Hotel, Philippeville

Goldfinger, Erno (1902-1987)

Haus Scherk, Mozartstrasse 10 / Kaulbachstrasse 25, Laubwitz, Berlin: view of the front door and the end of the house featuring a semi-circular bay

Freud, Ernst Ludwig (1892-1970)
NOTES: Haus Scherk was built for the perfume manufacture and patron of young, avant-garde architects, Ludwig Scherk.

Apartment block, 74 Avenue Franklin Roosevelt, Brussels

Bourgeois, Victor (1897-1962)

Bauhaus building, Dessau

Gropius, Walter (1883-1969)

City Library, Stockholm

Asplund, Erik Gunnar (1885-1940)

Cafe de Unie, Rotterdam

Oud, J. J. P. (Jacobus Johannes Pieter) (1890-1963)

German Pavilion, Barcelona: courtyard with sculpture 'Alba' by Georg Kolbe

Kolbe, Georg (1877-1947)
NOTES: The German Pavilion was originally built for the International Exhibition 1929. It was rebuilt in 1986.

Church of Notre Dame, Le Raincy, Paris

Perret, Auguste (1874-1954)