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At Home in Britain: Flats

Less traditional than cottages or terraced housing, flat are no less distinctive and hav been hugely influential in shaping twentieth century social and architectural housing.

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Penthouse, Highpoint Two, North Hill, Highgate, London: the living room with home-made furniture seen from the entrance door

RIBA2406-2
Lubetkin & Tecton
NOTES: On completion the penthouse was occupied by Berthold and Margaret Lubetkin who furnished it with pieces made by themselves.

Isokon Flats, Lawn Road, Hampstead, London

RIBA2506-9
Coates, Wells Wintemute (1895-1958)

Housing, Queen Elizabeth Square, Hutchesontown C, Gorbals, Glasgow

RIBA2664-15
Sir Basil Spence Glover & Ferguson
NOTES: Hutchesontown C was the name given to a so-called Comprehensive Development Area (CDA) of an area of the city of Glasgow, designed by Basil Spence in 1960-1965. The design of the central 20-storey block was inspired by Le Corbusier's Unite d'Habitation, Marseille. It was demolished in 1993.

Barbican estate, City of London: full-scale mock-up of kitchen

RIBA2774-20
Chamberlin Powell & Bon
NOTES: This was a full-scale mock-up of a kitchen designed for the Barbican estate, built in the architect's studios.

Balfron Tower, Rowlett Street, Poplar, London

RIBA3514-62
Goldfinger, Erno (1902-1987)

Flats in Holford Square, Finsbury, London: view showing the triaxial plan form of the spiral staircase of Bevin Court

RIBA5251
Skinner Bailey & Lubetkin
NOTES: Tecton were responsible for the masterplan, which was given Town Planning consent in 1948, and Skinner, Bailey & Lubetkin were responsible for its development and execution.

Grand Union Walk housing, Camden, London

RIBA6316
Nicholas Grimshaw & Partners

Templeton College, Woodstock Road, Oxford: the study-bedrooms

RIBA15223
Ahrends Burton & Koralek
NOTES: This constituent college of the University of Oxford was founded in 1965 as the Oxford Centre for Management Studies. It was renamed Templeton College in 1983. Ahrends Burton & Koralek were responsible for the design of the college facilities between 1969 and 1996.

Model Houses for Families (now Parnell House), Streatham Street, London

RIBA17631
Roberts, Henry (1803-1876)
SOURCE: Builder, vol. 7, 1849 July 14, p. 326 NOTES: Roberts's block of flats for 48 families was one of the early philanthropic housing schemes in London. This is his earliest housing project still standing and featured fireproof construction, access by wrought-iron balconies, and water-closets in each flat - revolutionary for working class dwellings at the time. The block was restored in 1956 by Sir Frederick Gibberd & Partners.

Presentation drawing of block A (Trellick Tower) for the Cheltenham Estate, Edenham Street, North Kensington, London: section (phase I)

RIBA21525
Goldfinger, Erno (1902-1987)
NOTES: Edenham Street Housing (officially called the Cheltenham Estate by the Greater London Council) comprises Trellick Tower or block A (31 storeys), block B (7 storeys), a nursery school (abbreviated to NSE on the drawings), block C (flats), block D (terrace housing), block E (6 storeys) and an old people's home (abbreviated to OPH). The estate was built in two phases which began with blocks A and B in 1968. The second phase began in 1972.

Demolition of Killingworth Towers estate, Killingworth, North Tyneside

RIBA23382
Northumberland County Council
NOTES: The building of Killingworth Township began in 1963, was undertaken by Northumberland County Council and was not sponsored by the Government. The demolition of this 3-tier housing estate of the township was undertaken by the Architects' Department of the Metropolitan Borough of North Tyneside.

Byker Wall, Byker housing redevelopment, Newcastle-upon-Tyne: the balcony side overlooking the rows of traditional terraced houses

RIBA26399
Erskine, Ralph (1914-2005)
NOTES: This multi-family housing development was one of the first major examples in Britain of community architecture. Erskine oversaw the development of this project, begun in 1972 and completed in 1978, allowing for tenant cooperation and architectural innovation on a large scale.

Foundling housing scheme (Brunswick Centre), Brunswick Square, Bloomsbury, London: cross-section of a residential flat

RIBA35955
Hodgkinson, Patrick (1930-2016)
NOTES: This design incorporates pasted photographic images.

Design for the Brunswick Close Estate, Finsbury, London: aerial view of three housing tower blocks

RIBA36057
Emberton, Franck & Tardrew
NOTES: The Brunswick Close project was approved in 1956 and consisted of three 12-storey towers (Brunswick, Emberton and Wycliff Courts).

Alexandra Road Estate, Camden, London: the terraced housing accessed from the main pedestrian walkway

RIBA53233
Brown, Neave Sinclair (1929-2018)
NOTES: Designed in 1968 by Neave Brown of Camden Council's Architects Department, this multi-family, 8-storey council housing estate, properly known as the Alexandra and Ainsworth estate, was built between 1972 and 1979.

Designs for New Court, Christ's College, Cambridge: an axonometric section

RIBA92533
Denys Lasdun & Partners
NOTES: This is a presentation drawing.

Barbican Estate, City of London: perspective looking across the lawn towards Lauderdale Tower in the background

RIBA94419
Chamberlin Powell & Bon
NOTES: This complex of arts buildings and housing covers seven acres in the City of London. Built between 1971 and 1982, it regenerated an area which had been badly bombed during World War II. The estate has three residential towers: Cromwell Tower, completed in 1973; Shakespeare Tower, completed in 1976, and Lauderdale Tower, completed in 1974. The complex was Grade II listed in 2001.

Barbican Estate, City of London: typical elevation of a terrace block

RIBA97301
Chamberlin Powell & Bon
NOTES: This complex of arts buildings and housing covers seven acres in the City of London. Built between 1971 and 1982, it regenerated an area which had been badly bombed during World War II. The estate has three residential towers: Cromwell Tower, completed in 1973; Shakespeare Tower, completed in 1976, and Lauderdale Tower, completed in 1974. The complex was Grade II listed in 2001.

Albert Hall Mansions, Kensington Gore, London

RIBA102119
Shaw, Richard Norman (1831-1912)

Alexandra Road Estate, Camden, London

RIBA103344
Brown, Neave Sinclair (1929-2018)

Park Hill Estate, Sheffield

RIBA15326
Sheffield Corporation City Architect's Department
NOTES: Built between 1957 and 1961, this mixed high-density and controversial housing development was planned and designed by Sheffield Corporation City Architect's Department led by J. L. Womersley.

Alton West Estate, Roehampton, London: an eleven-storey maisonette slab

RIBA17828
London County Council. Architects Department
NOTES: The Alton Estate is situated between Putney Heath and Richmond Park in south-west London. The smaller south-east part, Alton East, was built in 1952-1955, while the much larger north-west part, Alton West, was built in 1955-1959.

Boundary Street Estate, Shoreditch, London

RIBA28451
Fleming, Owen (1867-1955)

Housing, Willowfield, Harlow, Essex: the blocks of two-bedroom flats

RIBA75165
Gibberd, Sir Frederick (1908-1984)
NOTES: Harlow New Town, together with the London orbital developments of Basildon, Stevenage and Hemel Hempstead, was built after World War II to ease overcrowding in London. The masterplan for the town was drawn up by Frederick Gibberd in 1947. It is notable for being the location of the first pedestrian precinct and first residential tower block in Britain.
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