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Acceptance: 1940s Modernism

During the 1940s simple forms and new methods of construction were ideally suited to wartime conditions, producing highly practical buildings, air hangers, bus stations, etc. Gropius’s ideas on standardisation included prefabrication were remarkably prescient, as such techniques became widespread after the Second World War.

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Glass House, New Canaan, Connecticut

Johnson, Philip (1906-2005)

Altstetten protestant church, Zurich

Moser, Werner Max (1896-1970)

Olympic Stadium, Paavo Nurmen tie, Helsinki

Jantti, Toivo (1900-1975)
NOTES: This complex was built to host the 1940 Summer Olympic Games which were cancelled due to World War II, but it did host the XVth Olympic Games from 19th July-3rd August, 1952.

Town Hall, Aarhus

Jacobsen, Arne Emil (1902-1971)

Keyhouse Unibuilt prototype semi-detached houses, Coventry

Sheppard, Sir Richard Herbert (1910-1982)
NOTES: This prefabricated steel-framed house was designed by Grey Wornum and Richard Sheppard in the early 1940s and was manufactured by Keyhouse Unibuilt. This example never went beyond its prototype stage.

Essendon Primary School, Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire County Council. Architects Department
NOTES: This village school replaced one that had been bombed and was built with the help of unrepatriated prisoners of war. Part of the Hertfordshire County Council pioneering school-building programme, it is one of its earliest schools to be completed after World War II. Bill Henderson and Dan Lacey were the job architects.

"Seco" prefabs

Uni-Seco Structures Limited

Design for an underground railway and bus station for London Transport, Newbury Park, Redbridge, London

Hill, Oliver (1887-1968)
NOTES: This drawing was exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts, London, in 1947 (no. 1079).

Green Lanes Junior School, Croxley Green, Hertfordshire: a classroom

Aslin, Charles Herbert (1893-1959)
NOTES: C. H. Aslin was County Architect for Hertfordshire from 1945 to 1958 and a pioneer of twentieth century prefabricated design. This school, part of the Hertfordshire County Council school-building programme which he headed, was constructed using the unit planning system.

Experimental box-frame house, Codicote, Hertfordshire

F. R. S. Yorke, E. Rosenberg & C. S. Mardall

Casa Malaparte, Capri

Libera, Adalberto (1903-1963)

Bungalow at Richmond, North Yorkshire

Clarke-Hall, Denis Lucien (1910-2006)