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Spreading the Word: 1930s Modernism

From the late 1920s to the early-mid 1930s English translations appear of key texts by these two architects. ((Le Corbusier Towards a New Architecture (1927) and Walter Gropius The New Architecture and the Bauhaus (1935)). European architects fleeing Nazi persecution come to England and put their Modernist ideas into practice and Modernist ideas feed into the architecture schools. At the Architectural Association, for example, young Denys Lasdun is studying and later designs 32 Newton RoadBerthold Lubetkin also comes to London from Paris and sets up his architectural practice Tecton and designs Highpoint. The Canadian architect Wells Coates designs the Isokon flats in Hampstead and in America Rudolf Schindler (originally from Austria) designs a modernist beach house in California.

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Schocken department store, Chemnitz, at night

Mendelsohn, Eric (1887-1953)

Design for a beach house, California, for Rupert R. Ryan

Schindler, Rudolph M. (1887-1953)

Sun House, Frognal Way, Hampstead, London

Fry, Edwin Maxwell (1899-1987)

32 Newton Road, Paddington, London: the street facade

Lasdun, Sir Denys (1914-2001)
NOTES: Lasdun designed this house for F. J. Conway, a painter.

Finsbury Health Centre, Pine Street, Finsbury, London, seen in its urban context

Lubetkin & Tecton
NOTES: The Finsbury Health Centre was an attempt to rationalize the borough's health provision by providing on a single site a wide range of facilities, the needs of some of which could alter radically with time. Tecton's masterly solution to the complex circulation patterns such a multi-functional building entailed was hailed by architectural and medical critics alike as a prototype and a radical break with traditional health provision. The building is Grade I listed and was partly restored in the 1990s.

Hohenzollernplatz Church, Wilmersdorf, Berlin

Hoger, Fritz (1877-1949)

Town Hall, Hilversum

Dudok, Willem Marinus (1884-1974)

Design for the London Gliding Club, Dunstable

Nicholson, Christopher David George (1904-1948)

High Cross House, Dartington Hall School, Devon

Lescaze, William (1896-1969)

De La Warr Pavilion, Bexhill-on-Sea: the sea-facing frontage and the glass-enclosed staircase

Chermayeff, Serge (1900-1996)
NOTES: This photograph comes from the archive of Sir Anthony Wakefield Cox (1915-1993).

Isokon Flats, Lawn Road, Hampstead, London: the south-east front

Coates, Wells Wintemute (1895-1958)

Church of the Most Sacred Heart of Our Lord, Prague

Plecnik, Joze (1872-1957)